Access to Justice Spotlight: Fines & Fees

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Off. for Access to Just., U.S. Dep’t of Just. (2023). The U.S. Department of Justice’s Office for Access to Justice issued this report as a follow up on the department’s Fines and Fees Dear Colleague letter. The report spotlights jurisdictions that have eliminated fines and fees for youth and adults through various mechanisms and highlights…

National Youth Defense System Standards

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Outlines steps that states must take to comply with the minimum requirements of the U.S. Constitution to protect the rights of youth facing deprivations of liberty.

One in Five: How Mass Incarceration Deepens Inequality and Harms Public Safety

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Collateral Consequences of Juvenile Court Involvement: Obstacles to Opportunities

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This bench card is intended to assist judges in considering the consequences of juvenile court involvement that may adversely affect public safety and positive youth development. The bench card is not intended to impinge upon or alter constitutional or statutory responsibilities of the court. Judges and attorneys have different ethical responsibilities but share the goal…

ABA Report: Abolishing Financial Conditions of Pretrial Release in Juvenile Cases

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ABA Resolution on Pretrial Release in Juvenile Cases (2017)

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Call for a Nationwide Moratorium on Juvenile Fees and Fines (2020)

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The Cost of Juvenile Probation: A Critical Look into the Harms of Juvenile Supervision Fees

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Infographic on the harms of supervision fees on young people.

CAUTION: Collateral Consequences: Obstructing the Pathway to Young People’s Success

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This publication covers the ways in which the collateral consequences of juvenile court involvement and the longevity and availability of juvenile court records directly interfere with the very things that help young people succeed.

Ensuring Young People Are Not Criminalized for Poverty: Bail, Fees, Fines, Costs, and Restitution in Juvenile Court

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Juvenile courts across the country charge young people and their families bail, fines, fees, costs, and restitution without regard to children’s inability to pay. Such financial assessments are common in criminal courts, but in juvenile courts the consequences of such practices are even more detrimental, as they are exacerbated by children’s financial dependence. Children may…

Key Changes to the Kansas Juvenile Code: A Practical Guide

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Issue Brief-The Cost of Juvenile Probation: A Critical Look into Juvenile Supervision Fees

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The National Juvenile Defender Center (NJDC) conducted a national survey on the practice and enforcement of supervision fees assessed for a child’s time on juvenile probation. Juvenile defenders and juvenile probation officers from the 50 states and D.C. were interviewed by NJDC legal staff to uncover the prevalence and impact of supervision fee practices on…

High Pain, No Gain: How Juvenile Administrative Fees Harm Low-Income Families in Alameda County, California

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Juvenile Restitution Statutes Across the United States (2015)

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COVID-19 Motion for Bond Modification to Allow for Immediate Release (Colorado)

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Motion to Vacate Portion of Entry (Ohio)

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Notice of Limited Appearance and Motion to Cancel Uncollectible Debt Pursuant to R.C. 2151.542 (Ohio)

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Motion to Vacate Or In the Alternative for Relief from Judgment (Ohio)

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Motion to Vacate All Outstanding Court Costs and Fees (Ohio)

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Fees, Costs & Fines Checklist for Youth Defenders

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Young people and their families are routinely assessed fees, fines, and other costs in delinquency matters. These financial assessments are often ordered without an ability-to-pay analysis by the court. A young person’s inability to pay can lead to long-lasting consequences, increased recidivism, and youth and their families having to choose between paying fees or buying…

Ensuring Access: A Policy Advocacy Toolkit (2018)

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Access Denied found that “[n]o jurisdiction in the United States wholly fulfills the constitutional promise of justice for children.” So, no matter where you live and practice, your jurisdiction can improve. As juvenile defense advocates, we have a responsibility to identify and work to correct systemic deficiencies and to honor our clients’ dignity and well-being.…