The Anti-Racist Imperative of Infancy

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Immediate and complete elimination of the juvenile legal system would be fraught with political and logistical challenges. Incremental “shrinkage,” however, is not only possible but has already begun to occur.307 One incrementalist strategy is to reduce the reach of that system by constricting its jurisdiction over certain behaviors and certain children, particularly the very young.…

International Independent Expert Mechanism to Advance Racial Justice and Equality in the Context of Law Enforcement: Visit to the United States of America

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This report details findings from the International Independent Expert Mechanism to Advance Racial Justice and Equality in Law Enforcement (The Expert Mechanism), who were appointed by the president of the Human Rights Council in 2021 with a mandate to examine the human rights of Black communities in the U.S. as they relate to police interaction…

Protect and Redirect: America’s Growing Movement to Divert Youth out of the Justice System

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U.S. Age Boundaries of Delinquency 2015

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The Criminalization of Childhood (2019)

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Most states do not set a minimum age of prosecution in juvenile court. And although common sense knowledge of child development1 and international standards2 compel removal of younger children from the juvenile legal system, states have yet to heed the call. Because younger children are inherently more vulnerable,3 they should not be subject to the…

Environmental Scan of Developmentally Appropriate Criminal Justice Responses to Justice-Involved Young Adults

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Raise the Age (Maryland Office of the Public Defender)

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Minimum Age (Maryland Office of the Public Defender)

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